The duties of municipal authorities throughout Finland to arrange social and health care are stipulated by laws on social and health care planning and the central government transfers to local government.
The law on social welfare stipulates the services that municipalities must produce.
Social Welfare Act 710/1982 (Finlex)
The law on the status and rights of social care clients includes issues of data security.
Special legislation covers
- child welfare
- child day care
- the treatment of substance abusers
- the special care of people with intellectual disabilities
- disability services
- informal care support
- family care
- older people.
There are laws also dealing with ascertaining paternity, child maintenance and security, child care and implementing rights of access, adoption counselling, and family conciliation matters.
Laws on health care, primary health care and specialized medical care cover health services.
There are separate laws on occupational health care, mental health services and the prevention and treatment of infectious diseases, and the status and rights of patients.
Occupational Health Care Act 1383/2001
Mental Health Act 1116/1990 (Finlex)
Communicable Diseases Decree 786/1986 (Finlex)
Act on the Status and Rights of Patients 785/1992 (Finlex)
Legislation also covers the professional standards of social and health care personnel.